NEW 2020 Honda Africa Twin 1100 to get Direct Injection?! | New Patent Documents Released…

– New 2020 / 2021 Africa Twin CRF1100L engine to receive Direct Injection! –

We’ve already talked about how the new 2020 Honda Africa Twin will be getting a larger engine (possibly 1084 cc) with more horsepower of course and with other changes thrown in the mix too but this one is a new piece of news to add to the mix. Honda has been throwing direct injection on their cars for a few years now and with many other technological advances over the years in their auto division – it transfers down to Honda’s powersports division. A quick one that comes to mind is the i-4wd system that Honda introduced in their Ridgeline truck only to then turn around and throw that i-4wd technology on the Pioneer 1000 Limited Edition models and the Talon 1000 R / X models.

I don’t think we’ll see direct injection on the 2020 Africa Twin 1100 for its initial rollout, I think we’ll probably see it a year or two later on the small refresh in 2022 or somewhere along those lines but I could be wrong. 


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What do you guys think about Honda starting to toy around with the idea of throwing direct injection on motorcycles? You have pros and cons to it as with just about anything out there. Personally, I’m on the fence. Could I think of better ways to spend R&D money? Possibly haha. 

While we’re on the topic of 2020 motorcycles… Don’t forget we have (2) more new 2020 Honda motorcycle model lineup announcements before the end of the year. We’ve got one in September and the other in November before the entire 2020 motorcycle model lineup is complete from Honda. Keep an eye on my social media linked above and below for more info on the exact dates and you can also find out more by Clicking Here to the official 2020 motorcycle page.


Here’s all of the documentation below to go with all of the patent document pictures etc. Some people will find it boring but I know some people like to read all of the nitty-gritty stuff so I’ve included it too:

ABSTRACT

A saddle riding vehicle includes: a body frame; a fuel tank; an upright internal combustion engine; a fuel injection device; and a high-pressure fuel pump. The high-pressure fuel pump is configured to be driven by one of an intake-side camshaft and an exhaust-side camshaft. The high-pressure fuel pump is mounted on an upper surface of a cylinder head cover in an attitude inclined rearward toward the other of the camshafts. The high-pressure fuel pump can thus be protected from disturbances from the sides, and the length of a high-pressure pipe for feeding fuel from the high-pressure fuel pump to the fuel injection device can be shortened. The vehicle protects the high-pressure fuel pump from disturbances from the sides, and prevents acceleration of vaporization of fuel by reducing heat which the high-pressure fuel pump receives from the cylinder block.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a saddle riding vehicle provided with a high-pressure fuel pump.

BACKGROUND ART

As a saddle riding vehicle provided with a high-pressure fuel pump, there has been known a saddle riding vehicle where a high-pressure fuel pump is provided to be positioned on a side of a cylinder portion of an internal combustion engine, for example, as disclosed in Patent Document 1.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Underlying Problem to be Solved by the Invention

In such a saddle riding vehicle, a side surface of the high-pressure fuel pump is not covered by any member, and hence it is necessary to protect the high-pressure fuel pump from disturbances such as flying pebbles from the side of the vehicle. Further, the high-pressure fuel pump is disposed on the side of the cylinder portion of the internal combustion engine, and hence it is necessary to take it into account to protect and determine a route of a high-pressure pipe for feeding fuel from the high-pressure fuel pump to a fuel injection device. Additionally, the high-pressure fuel pump is disposed on the side of the cylinder block, and hence there exists a drawback in that the high-pressure fuel pump receives heat from the cylinder block, thereby accelerating vaporization of fuel.

Means to Solve the Underlying Problem

The present invention has been made to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks, and provides a saddle riding vehicle which comprises: a body frame having a head pipe and a pair of left and right main frame members extending rearward from the head pipe; an internal combustion engine mounted on the body frame below the pair of left and right main frame members, the internal combustion engine having a cylinder portion and a transmission chamber; a fuel injection device for injecting fuel into a combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine; and a high-pressure fuel pump driven by the internal combustion engine to feed fuel under pressure to the fuel injection device through a high-pressure pipe extending from a fuel tank; wherein:

the internal combustion engine is an engine having a cylinder axis erected relative to a horizontal plane; the cylinder portion has an exhaust-side camshaft for opening and closing an exhaust valve of the combustion chamber, and an intake-side camshaft for opening and closing an intake valve of the combustion chamber; and the high-pressure fuel pump is configured to be driven by one of the intake-side camshaft and the exhaust-side camshaft, and is mounted on an upper surface of a cylinder head cover of the cylinder portion in an attitude inclined toward the other of the intake-side camshaft and the exhaust-side camshaft.

According to the present invention, space saving can be realized in a height direction. The high-pressure fuel pump can be protected from disturbances in the vehicle width direction by the fuel tank and the cylinder portion. The length of the high-pressure pipe for feeding fuel from the high-pressure fuel pump to the fuel injection device can be shortened.

In a preferred form of the invention, the cylinder portion has the exhaust-side camshaft on a front side thereof and the intake-side camshaft on a rear side of thereof; the high-pressure fuel pump is configured to be driven by the exhaust-side camshaft, and the high-pressure fuel pump is mounted on the upper surface of the cylinder head cover of the cylinder portion in an inclined attitude such that the high-pressure fuel pump is inclined rearward toward the side of the intake-side camshaft.

With such a configuration, the high-pressure fuel pump is inclined rearward such that the high-pressure fuel pump is disposed away from an exhaust port which is heated to a high temperature. Accordingly, heat which the high-pressure fuel pump receives can be reduced and hence vaporization of fuel can be suppressed.

In a preferred form of the invention, the fuel tank is positioned above the internal combustion engine and is supported by the body frame.

With such a configuration, the high-pressure fuel pump can be protected from disturbances from the upper side by the fuel tank and the cylinder portion.

In a preferred form of the invention, the high-pressure fuel pump is disposed inside an outer edge of the cylinder head cover as viewed in the direction of a cylinder axis.

With such an arrangement, the high-pressure fuel pump is disposed inside the outer edge of the head cover, and hence the high-pressure fuel pump can be protected from disturbances in both the vehicle longitudinal direction and the vehicle lateral direction by the cylinder portion.

In a further preferred form of the invention, a fuel supply passage is disposed on a rear side of the cylinder portion, the fuel supply passage being connected to a downstream side of the high-pressure pipe to supply fuel to the fuel injection device; and the high-pressure pipe is routed to be disposed within a lateral width of the cylinder portion.

With such an arrangement, the high-pressure pipe can be shortened as much as possible, and the high-pressure pipe can be protected from disturbances from the sides by the cylinder portion.

Preferably, the high-pressure pipe has a flexibility.

With such a configuration, the high-pressure pipe has a flexibility and hence the cylinder head cover can be removed from the cylinder portion without removing the high-pressure pipe and maintenance property can thereby be enhanced.

In a still preferred form of the invention, the fuel tank includes a low-pressure fuel pump for feeding fuel in the fuel tank to the high-pressure fuel pump through a low-pressure pipe; the low-pressure fuel pump has a fuel flow-out portion positioned on a lower wall of the fuel tank; the high-pressure fuel pump has its mounting seat wall and the low-pressure fuel pump has its mounting seat wall, the two mounting seat walls being provided to opposedly face each other; and the mounting seat wall of the high-pressure fuel pump is positioned forward of the mounting seat wall of the low-pressure fuel pump.

With such an arrangement, the fuel flow-out portion of the low-pressure fuel pump and the high-pressure fuel pump are disposed close to each other and hence the low-pressure pipe can be shortened as much as possible.

In a preferred form of the invention, the body frame includes a head pipe and a pair of main frame members extending obliquely rearward from the head pipe; and the high-pressure fuel pump is positioned between the pair of main frame members, and at least a part of the high-pressure fuel pump overlaps with the main frame members as viewed in a side view of a body of the vehicle.

With such an arrangement, the high-pressure fuel pump can be protected by the main frame members.

Advantageous Effects of Invention

According to the present invention, space saving in the height direction can be realized. The high-pressure fuel pump can be protected from disturbances in the vehicle width direction. The length of the high-pressure pipe for feeding fuel from the high-pressure fuel pump to the fuel injection device can be shortened. Heat which the high-pressure fuel pump receives can be reduced and hence vaporization of fuel can be suppressed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIG. 1 is a left side view of a saddle riding vehicle according to one embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is an enlarged left side view of a main part in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is an enlarged front view of the main part in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 4 is a left side view showing an internal combustion engine and a fuel supply device;
  • FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view of the main part where a cylinder head portion of the internal combustion engine and the fuel supply device are shown with a cylinder axis direction oriented in a vertical direction;
  • FIG. 6 is a view as viewed in a VI direction in FIG. 5; and
  • FIG. 7 is a view as viewed in a VII direction in FIG. 5.

DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENT

With reference to FIG. 1 to FIG. 7, a motorcycle 1 as a saddle riding vehicle according to one embodiment of the present invention will be described.

In the description of this specification and claims, directions of front and rear, left and right, and up and down are directions of the motorcycle 1 according to this embodiment. In the drawings, an arrow FR indicates a frontward direction of the vehicle, an arrow RE indicates a rearward direction of the vehicle, an arrow LH indicates a leftward direction of the vehicle, an arrow RH indicates a rightward direction of the vehicle, and an arrow UP indicates an upward direction of the vehicle.

FIG. 1 is a left side view of the motorcycle 1 according to one embodiment of the present invention in a state where covering members and so on are removed. A body frame 2 of the motorcycle 1 includes: a head pipe 2a; a pair of left and right main frame members 2extending obliquely rearward from the head pipe 2a; a pair of left and right center frame members 2extending downward from rear ends of the main frame members 2b; a single down frame member 2which extends rearward and downward from the head pipe 2at a steep angle; a pair of left and right lower frame members 2(see FIG. 2) which is connected to a lower end of the down frame member 2d, is bifurcated obliquely leftward and obliquely rightward, extends downward and, thereafter, is bent and extends rearward approximately horizontally, and is connected to lower ends of the pair of left and right center frame members 2c; and a seat stay 2which extends rearward and slightly upward from upper portions and lower portions of the center frame members 2c.

A front fork 3 which supports a front wheel 5 is steerably supported by the head pipe 2a, and a steering handlebar 4 is connected to the front fork 3. A rear fork 6 which supports a rear wheel 7 is supported in a vertically swingable manner using pivot portions 8 formed on lower portions of the center frame members 2as a fulcrum, and a cushion unit not shown in the drawings is disposed between the upper portions of the center frame members 2and the rear fork 6 by way of a link mechanism 9.

A fuel tank 11 in which a fuel is stored is mounted on the left and right main frame members 2b, and a tandem-type seat 12 for a rider and a pillion passenger is mounted on the center frame members 2and the seat stay 2f. The fuel tank 11 includes a low-pressure fuel pump 41 which feeds under pressure fuel stored in the fuel tank 11.

An internal combustion engine 20 is mounted on the lower frame members 2and the center frame members 2of the body frame 2 by way of brackets 13. The internal combustion engine 20 is positioned below the fuel tank 11, and is mounted on the motorcycle 1 in an attitude that a crankshaft 30 is directed in a vehicle width direction, and a cylinder axis L1 of an engine cylinder is inclined slightly frontward.

The internal combustion engine 20 is an air-cooled, two-cylinder, four-stroke cycle internal combustion engine, and is an upright internal combustion engine where the cylinder axis L1 is at an angle relative to a horizontal plane. As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the internal combustion engine 20 is configured such that a cylinder portion 24 is made to overlap with a crankcase 21 from above, and the cylinder portion 24 is fastened and fixed to the crankcase 21 using stud bolts and the like not shown in the drawings. The cylinder portion 24 includes a cylinder block 25, a cylinder head 26, and a cylinder head cover 27 which covers an upper surface of the cylinder head 26. The cylinder block 25, the cylinder head 26, and the cylinder head cover 27 are made to sequentially put on the crankcase 21 in this order.

A camshaft holder not shown in the drawings is fastened and fixed to an upper portion of the cylinder head 26. As shown in FIG. 4, an intake-side camshaft 38 and an exhaust-side camshaft 39 are supported in a rotatable manner by the cylinder head 26 and the camshaft holder. As shown, the intake-side camshaft 38 is positioned on a rear side with respect to the vehicle longitudinal direction, and the exhaust-side camshaft 39 is positioned on a front side with respect to the vehicle longitudinal direction. The cylinder head 26, camshaft holder, intake-side camshaft 38, and exhaust-side camshaft 39 are covered by the cylinder head cover 27. As shown in FIG. 3, both left and right side surfaces of the crankcase 21 are covered by a right case cover 28 and a left case cover 29.

As shown in FIG. 4, two cylinder bores 31 are arranged in the cylinder block 25 in the width direction of the vehicle body, and pistons 32 slidably fitted in the respective cylinder bores 31 are connected, by way of respective connecting rods (not shown), to the crankshaft 30 which is directed in the vehicle width direction.

As shown in FIG. 4, a combustion chamber 33 is formed below a lower surface of the cylinder head 26 so as to oppose and face each of the cylinder bores 31. An intake port 34 and an exhaust port 35 which are communicated with each of the combustion chamber 33 are formed in the cylinder head 26 such that the intake port 34 and the exhaust port 35 are opposed to each other in the longitudinal direction. In the cylinder portion 24, there are provided an intake valve 36 and an exhaust valve 37 which respectively operate to make the combustion chamber 33 openably and closably communicate with the intake port 34 and the exhaust port 35, respectively. An intake cam 38is mounted on the intake-side camshaft 38 in an integrally rotatable manner and an exhaust cam 39is mounted on the exhaust-side camshaft 39 in an integrally rotatable manner.

The intake valve 36 and the exhaust valve 37 are brought into pressure contact with the intake cam 38and the exhaust cam 39respectively using springs not shown by way of rocker arms 49. When power from the crankshaft 30 is transmitted to the intake-side camshaft 38 and the exhaust-side camshaft 39 using a cam chain not shown in the drawings, the intake-side camshaft 38 and the exhaust-side camshaft 39 are rotated so that the intake valve 36 and the exhaust valve 37 are opened and closed at predetermined timings along with the rotation of the crankshaft 30.

As shown in FIG. 2, an intake device 50 is connected to the intake port 34 in a state that the intake device 50 is positioned behind or rearward of the internal combustion engine 20. The intake device 50 includes an air cleaner 51, a connecting tube 52, a throttle device 53, and an intake pipe 54. The air cleaner 51, which takes in air to be fed to the internal combustion engine 20 and operates to remove impurities, is mounted on a rear lower portion of the main frame members 2b. The throttle device 53 which regulates the volume of intake air, the intake pipe 54, and the intake port 34 of the cylinder head 26 are sequentially connected to the downstream end of the air cleaner 51 by way of the connecting tube 52. Outside air taken in the air cleaner 51 is fed to the combustion chamber 33 through the intake port 34 formed in the cylinder head 26.

An exhaust device 60 is connected to the exhaust port 35. The exhaust device 60 includes an exhaust pipe 61, a catalyst device (not shown), and a muffler 62. The exhaust pipe 61 which extends frontward is connected to the exhaust port 35. The exhaust pipe 61 extends frontward and, thereafter, is bent downward, and extends rearward below the vehicle body. Below the vehicle body, the catalyst device is mounted on a middle portion of the exhaust pipe 61. The muffler 62 is connected to a rear end of the exhaust pipe 61, and exhaust air generated in the internal combustion engine 20 is discharged from an end portion of the muffler 62 to the outside.

In the crankcase 21 of the internal combustion engine 20, a crank chamber 22 is defined on a front side, and a transmission chamber 23 for housing a transmission (not shown in the drawing) is defined on a rear side. As shown in FIG. 1, power of the internal combustion engine 20 is transmitted to the rear wheel 7 by way of the transmission and a rear wheel drive chain 10.

As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 4, the internal combustion engine 20 adopts a direct-injection-type fuel supply device 40 where fuel is supplied directly to the combustion chamber 33. As shown in FIG. 4, the fuel supply device 40 includes: the low-pressure fuel pump 41 which is fixed to a lower wall 11of the fuel tank 11; a high-pressure fuel pump 42 which is mounted on the cylinder head cover 27 of the internal combustion engine 20; a fuel injection valve 46 which forms a fuel injection device for injecting fuel into the combustion chamber 33 of the internal combustion engine 20; a low-pressure pipe 43 which connects the low-pressure fuel pump 41 and the high-pressure fuel pump 42 to each other; and a high-pressure pipe 44 which is connected to the high-pressure fuel pump 42 to supply fuel to the fuel injection valve 46. The high-pressure fuel pump 42 and the high-pressure pipe 44 are detachably connected to each other. The high-pressure pipe 44 and a fuel supply passage portion 45 which is connected to a downstream end of the high-pressure pipe 44 are connected to each other by caulking so that the high-pressure pipe 44 and the fuel supply passage portion 45 cannot be removed from each other.

The low-pressure fuel pump 41 includes a body portion 41which feeds fuel under pressure. A disc-shaped mounting seat wall 41is formed on a lower portion of the body portion 41for mounting the low-pressure fuel pump 41 to the fuel tank 11. A fuel flow-out portion 41which is connected to the low-pressure pipe 43 is disposed below the mounting seat wall 41b. The low-pressure fuel pump 41 adopts the configuration where the mounting seat wall 41is fixed to the lower wall 11of the fuel tank 11 such that the body portion 41is positioned in the fuel tank 11 and the fuel flow-out portion 41protrudes downward from the fuel tank 11.

The high-pressure fuel pump 42 is a volumetric fuel pump which is driven by power of the crankshaft 30. As shown in FIG. 4, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 includes a body portion 42a. A flange-shaped mounting seat wall 42is mounted on an upper surface of the body portion 42a, and a fuel flow passage portion 42is disposed above the mounting seat wall 42b.

The body portion 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 includes a plunger 42g, a spring 42h, and a spring seat 42which is integrally formed with one end portion 42gof the plunger 42g. The spring 42is fitted between the spring seat 42and the mounting seat wall 42b, and the plunger 42and the spring seat 42are biased in a direction away from the mounting seat wall 42by the spring 42h.

A fuel flow passage 42is formed in the fuel flow passage portion 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42. One end of the fuel flow passage 42forms an intake port 42e, and the other end of the fuel flow passage 42forms a discharge port 42f. The intake port 42is connected to the low-pressure pipe 43, and fuel fed from the low-pressure fuel pump 41 flows into the fuel flow passage 42d. A discharge port 43is connected to the high-pressure pipe 44, and pressurized fuel is fed to the fuel injection valve 46.

A proximal or end portion 42gof the plunger 42on the side of the fuel flow passage 42is advanced into or retracted from the fuel flow passage 42along with the rotation of the exhaust-side camshaft 39 as will be described later. Check valves not shown in the drawings are provided in the intake port 42and the discharge port 42of the fuel flow passage 42d, respectively, and the intake port 42and the discharge port 42are opened and closed at predetermined timings, respectively.

As shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 7, a high-pressure fuel pump mounting portion 27has an approximately circular cylindrical shape, into which the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is inserted, and is formed on an upper surface 27of the cylinder head cover 27. The high-pressure fuel pump mounting portion 27is positioned at an approximately center of the cylinder head cover 27 with respect to the vehicle width direction, and is inclined toward a rear side with respect to the upper surface 27of the cylinder head cover 27, that is, is disposed in a rearwardly inclined attitude toward the side of the intake-side camshaft 38.

The high-pressure fuel pump 42 is configured such that the body portion 42is inserted in the cylinder head cover 27 until the mounting seat wall 42is brought into contact with the high-pressure fuel pump mounting portion 27of the cylinder head cover 27, and is fixed to the cylinder head cover 27 by a pair of bolts 47. The high-pressure fuel pump 42 is mounted on the upper surface 27of the cylinder head cover 27 of the cylinder portion 24 in an inclined attitude such that the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is inclined rearward toward the side of the intake-side camshaft 38.

As shown in FIG. 4, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is driven by a high-pressure fuel pump drive cam 39which is mounted on the exhaust-side camshaft 39 in an integrally rotatable manner. The plunger 42which is biased by the spring 42is brought into pressure contact with a cam surface of the high-pressure fuel pump drive cam 39by way of the spring seat 42i, and the proximal or end portion 42gof the plunger 42is advanced into or retracted from the inside of the fuel flow passage 42along with the rotation of the exhaust-side camshaft 39.

As shown in FIG. 4, a fuel injection valve insertion hole 26is in communication with the combustion chamber 33 and is formed in the cylinder head 26 of the internal combustion engine 20 in a direction from a rear side to a front side of the vehicle for each cylinder. The fuel injection valve 46 which forms a fuel injection device for injecting fuel into the combustion chamber 33 is inserted into the fuel injection valve insertion hole 26a.

As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 7, the fuel supply passage portion 45 is disposed on the side of a back or rear surface of the cylinder head 26 parallel to the crankshaft 30 in a state where the fuel supply passage portion 45 is directed in the vehicle width direction. Fuel supply passages 45through which fuel is supplied to the fuel injection valves 46, respectively, are disposed in the fuel supply passage portion 45. An inflow port 45of the fuel supply passages 45is formed in an upper surface of the fuel supply passage portion 45 and at the center of the fuel supply passage portion 45 with respect to the vehicle width direction. The inflow port 45is connected to a downstream end of the high-pressure pipe 44. The fuel supply passages 45are in a bifurcated shape, and flow-out ports 45are connected to the fuel injection valves 46 disposed in the respective cylinders.

The connection between the low-pressure pipe 43 and the low-pressure fuel pump 41 and the connection between the low-pressure pipe 43 and the high-pressure fuel pump 42 are respectively made by a rotatable joint. Therefore, at the time of removing the fuel tank 11 and so on, the joint is rotated so that excessive bending of the low-pressure pipe 43 can be suppressed.

As shown in FIG. 7, the high-pressure pipe 44 is routed to extend within a lateral width of the cylinder portion 24. The high-pressure pipe 44 is made using a raw material having flexibility. Accordingly, at the time of removing the cylinder head cover 27 from the cylinder head 26 for inspection or the like, it becomes unnecessary to remove the high-pressure pipe 44 from the cylinder head cover 27, thus facilitating the inspection operation.

In the state shown in FIG. 6, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is, in a state where the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is mounted on the internal combustion engine 20, disposed inside left and right and upper and lower outer edges 27of the cylinder head cover 27 as viewed in a direction of a cylinder axis L1.

As shown in FIG. 2, the low-pressure fuel pump 41 and the high-pressure fuel pump 42 are disposed such that the mounting seat wall 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 and the mounting seat wall 41of the low-pressure fuel pump 41 opposedly face each other, and the mounting seat wall 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is positioned in front of the mounting seat wall 41of the low-pressure fuel pump 41.

Further, as will be noted from FIG. 3, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is positioned between the pair of main frame members 2b. As shown in FIG. 2, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is disposed such that at least a part of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 overlaps with the main frame members 2as viewed in a side view of the vehicle body. Accordingly, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is protected from disturbances such as flying pebbles from the side.

The fuel supply device 40 is configured as described above, and hence fuel is supplied to the combustion chamber 33 as follows. Pressure of fuel stored in the fuel tank 11 is increased by the low-pressure fuel pump 41 which is always operated during the operation of the internal combustion engine 20, and the fuel increased in pressure is fed to the high-pressure fuel pump 42 through the low-pressure pipe 43.

The plunger 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is advanced into and retracted from the inside of the fuel flow passage 42d, following the surface of the high-pressure fuel pump drive cam 39which is rotated along with the exhaust-side camshaft 39, and, at the same time, the check valves provided in the intake port 42and the discharge port 42f, respectively, are opened and closed at predetermined timings. Accordingly, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 further increases the pressure of low-pressure fuel supplied from the low-pressure fuel pump 41 and operates to discharge the fuel to the high-pressure pipe 44. The high-pressure fuel pump 42 is driven by the exhaust-side camshaft 39, but may be driven by the intake-side camshaft 38 in case the intake-side camshaft 38 and the exhaust-side camshaft 39 exchange their positions. Fuel whose pressure is increased by the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is fed to the fuel injection valves 46 through the high-pressure pipe 44 and the fuel supply passages 45a, and is injected into the combustion chambers 33 by the fuel injection valves 46, respectively.

The motorcycle 1 of this embodiment is configured as described above, and hence the motorcycle 1 can acquire the following advantageous effects.

In the vehicle or motorcycle 1 of this embodiment, the cylinder portion 24 has the exhaust-side camshaft 39 on a front side thereof and the intake-side camshaft 38 on a rear side thereof, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is driven along with the rotation of the high-pressure fuel pump drive cam 39mounted on the exhaust-side camshaft 39, and is mounted on the upper surface 27of the cylinder head cover 27 of the cylinder portion 24 in an inclined manner such that the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is inclined rearward toward the side of the intake-side camshaft. Accordingly, space saving can be realized in the height direction and, at the same time, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 can be protected from disturbances in the vehicle width direction by the fuel tank 11 and the cylinder portion 24. Further, the length of the high-pressure pipe 44 for feeding fuel from the fuel tank 11 to the high-pressure fuel pump 42 can be shortened.

The cylinder portion 24 has the exhaust-side camshaft 39 on a front side thereof and the intake-side camshaft 38 on a rear side thereof, and the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is driven by the exhaust-side camshaft 39, and is mounted on the upper surface 27of the cylinder head cover 27 of the cylinder portion 24 in an inclined attitude such that the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is inclined rearward toward the side of the intake-side camshaft 38, and hence the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is inclined rearward away from the exhaust port 35 which tends to be at a high temperature. Accordingly, heat which the high-pressure fuel pump 42 receives can be reduced, and hence vaporization of fuel can be suppressed.

The fuel tank 11 is supported by the body frame 2 at a position above the internal combustion engine 20, and hence the high-pressure fuel pump 42 can be protected from disturbances from the upper side by the fuel tank 11 and the cylinder portion 24.

The high-pressure fuel pump 42 is disposed inside the outer edges 27of the cylinder head cover 27 as viewed in the direction of the cylinder axis L1, and hence the high-pressure fuel pump 42 can be protected from disturbances from both the vehicle longitudinal direction and the vehicle lateral direction by the cylinder portion 24.

Further, the fuel supply passage 45a, which is connected to the downstream side of the high-pressure pipe 44 and supplies fuel to the fuel injection valve 46, is disposed on the side of the back or rear surface of the cylinder portion 24, and the high-pressure pipe 44 is routed to be disposed within the lateral width of the cylinder portion 24. Consequently, the high-pressure pipe 44 can be shortened as much as possible, and the high-pressure pipe 44 can be protected from disturbances from the sides by the cylinder portion 24.

Still further, the high-pressure pipe 44 has flexibility, and hence the cylinder head cover 27 can be removed from the cylinder head 26 without removing the high-pressure pipe 44 and maintenance property can thereby be enhanced.

The fuel tank 11 includes the low-pressure fuel pump 41 which feeds fuel under pressure in the fuel tank 11 to the high-pressure fuel pump 42 through the low-pressure pipe 43, the fuel flow-out portion 41of the low-pressure fuel pump 41 is positioned on the lower surface 11of the fuel tank 11, the mounting seat wall 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 and the mounting seat wall 41of the low-pressure fuel pump 41 are made to opposedly face each other, and the mounting seat wall 42of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is positioned forward of the mounting seat wall 41of the low-pressure fuel pump 41. Accordingly, the fuel flow-out portion 41of the low-pressure fuel pump 41 and the high-pressure fuel pump 42 are disposed close to each other and hence the low-pressure pipe 43 can be shortened as much as possible.

Further, the body frame 2 includes the head pipe 2and the pair of main frame members 2extending obliquely rearward from the head pipe 2a, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 is positioned between the pair of main frame members 2b, and at least a part of the high-pressure fuel pump 42 overlaps with the main frame members 2as viewed in a side view of the vehicle body. Accordingly, the high-pressure fuel pump 42 can be protected by the main frame members 2b.

Although one embodiment of the present invention has been described above, the present invention is not limited by the above-mentioned embodiment, and it is needless to say that the various modifications are also conceivable without departing from the gist of the present invention.

For example, the internal combustion engine for a motorcycle according to the present invention is not limited to the internal combustion engine described in the embodiment and the number of cylinders is set as desired provided that the internal combustion engine is an internal combustion engine for a motorcycle including requirements in the claims. The vehicle of the present invention is not limited to the motorcycle according to the embodiment.


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